Field Trip Experience at National Museum – Intramuros


It  was an amazing day that our section visited Manila last Saturday (July 23, 2011) since were busy in our school works, projects and exams. We don’t even have time to relax and enjoy because we are also at Makati and mostly of historical places are in Manila that is why I’m glad that I’ve become part of seeing those historical paintings, art, sculptures and many more in our Field Trip.

Inside the National Museum wherein i found lot of art, there are new exhibits established and the persons who still manage to take care the museum really do their duties to improve more the tourism in Manila. There are also lot of galleries of known Filipino Painters and Sculptors like Juan Luna, Felix Hidalgo, Fernando Amorsolo and many more.

While we are inside the National Museum the tourist guide explained to us the meaning behind the painting of Juan Luna’s Spoliarium.

The painting shows fallen gladiators being dragged to an unseen pile of corpses in a chamber beneath the Roman arena. Beyond this Juan Luna wanted to depict the suffering of the people of his native country from colonial rule. He wanted the audience to be touched emotionally. I think this painting was joined in an art competition in Paris during the late 19th century where he gained high regognition and the painting even won first prize.

I’m not contented about the facilitator explanation about the Juan Luna’s Spolarium painting so i searched some historical finding behind this painting and i found interesting facts in this site: http://tambayan.1.forumer.com/a/spolarium_post3708.html

First of all, it is a Luna. Juan Luna gained fame for himself and his country for his painting of the 1884, Spolarium, which won the Exposicion Nacional Bellas Artes in Madrid.

Second, it is rare that Luna would include himself in his paintings. He has done many portraits and self-portraits, but he hardly ever included himself in the scenes he has portrayed.

Lastly, the painting depicts some of our most prominent patriots. Rizal is the national hero of the Philippines, aside from being a renowned doctor, writer and a scholar. Dr. Ariston Bautista was a noted physician and was one of the main financiers of the Katipunan. He was also an influential adviser to succeeding generations of Filipino leaders.

There are several interpretations of the meaning of the painting. The simplest of all being that the lady was a whore and that the three patriots were contemplating sampling her goods. However, upon closer scrutiny, the lady illustrated in the painting doesn’t look like a whore. She is modestly dressed and looks more troubled rather than seductive. Also she seems to have a companion as indicated by the beer mug opposite her and the top hat and cape on the seat beside her. Perhaps she has quarreled with her lover and he left her to contemplate things. The three patriots, could have overheard their quarrel and sympathized with her plight.

Also another interpretation is that perhaps Luna empathized with the woman’s troubles as he was having trouble with his personal life as well. The year Parisian Life was painted was also a very tumultuous year in Luna’s life. It was during that year that he discovered his wife Paz Pardo de Tavera in an act of adultery and killed her in fits of rage, later pleading temporary insanity.

The most interesting interpretation is highly symbolical. The lady is seated in an unusual place, and looks highly agitated while the three patriots are contemplating her in a wistful way.

In a lecture about the painting, Eric Zerrudo of the GSIS Museum demonstrated when a map of the Philippines is overlaid onto the painting, the shape is an perfect copy. Thus it could be surmised that the lady symbolizes the Philippines which is in distress (which is reflected in the troubled lady’s expression) and that the three patriots are contemplating ways to ease her suffering.

I have noticed that there are lots of artifacts collection in the Philippines and most of them can be found here in Manila. And the artifacts collection i saw really captured my taste of art. I appreciate all of them, the paintings of our Filipino painters, extinct animals and their keep bones, and even the structural design  of modern house and church before on time of Jose Rizal and Spanish Colony.

The three (3) artworks i chose which are best to describe their different elements of arts, subject and medium used by the artist are:

1. Spoliarium by Juan Luna

It describes the fallen gladiators being dragged to an unseen pile of corpses in a chamber beneath the Roman arena. Beyond this Juan Luna wanted to depict the suffering of the people of his native country from colonial rule. Juan Luna used oil on canvas painting for this huge size portrait and he won the gold medal for this particular painting on the Exposicion Nacional Bellas Artes in Madrid on his artwork. This serves as a treasure inside the National Museum Galleries.

2. Assassination of General Bustamante by Felix Ressureccion Hidalgo

Two hundred years ago, the Catholic Church incited a similar People Power revolt against Governor General Fernando Bustamante y Bustillo. Bustamante was murdered by a mob of friars. The event was illustrated in Felix Ressureccion Hidalgo’s “Assassination of Governor Bustamante” which is on display at the Hall of the Masters at the National Arts Gallery (formerly known as the National Museum). – http://traveleronfoot.wordpress.com/2008/02/25/assassination-of-general-bustamante/

Felix Ressurreccion Hidalgo won a silver medal award for this painting. He also used an oil on canvas painting. His artwork also serves as one of the Galleries in Hall of the Masters Section joined with Juan Luna’s Paintings.

3. Bataan Death March

The Bataan Death March (Batān Shi no Kōshin (バターン死の行進?)) was the forcible transfer, by the Imperial Japanese Army, of 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II, which resulted in the deaths of thousands of prisoner.

The 60 mi (97 km) march was characterized by wide-ranging physical abuse and murder, and resulted in very high fatalities inflicted upon prisoners and civilians alike by the Japanese Army, and was later judged by an Allied military commission to be a Japanese war crime. – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataan_Death_March

This artwork used an oil on canvas painting. This can be found inside the National Museum – 2nd Floor joined with the other Filipino Artist artworks.

Moreover, because it was also my first time to visit National Museum and other galleries in Manila, (i don’t know if i seen them before in my childhood days, i can’t remember :P) We took some pictures of the following and here are some of the pictures inside the wall city:

a. Palacio del Gobernador

b. San Agustin Church

c. Manila Cathedral

i. Colonnade

ii. Arcade

iii. Dome

iv. Pieta

d. Dr. Jose Rizal’s footsteps

Since the storm attacked in our way our professor decided not to go to Fort Santiago anymore. So we didn’t have the chance to take some pictures there and take a snapshot of Dr. Jose Rizal’s footsteps but since there is an internet, here is the picture i found in Google:

These footprints were brass covered, but I guess time has seen them be lifted.
The footprints show the path taken by Jose Rizal from his dungeon in Fort Santiago to his last execution place at Bagumbayan in Rizal Park.

e. Casa Manila

f. Plaza San Luis Complex corner Gen. Luna and Real Streets

We liked to take more pictures in our field trip so here are some of those pictures we took that amazed our insight

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Author: Akuma Geijutsu

Studied BSCSIT - SSE at Asia Pacific College stradmore! :D 2nd life! "Early to bed, Early to rise!" XD im krsnik a vampire that drinks other vampire bloods

2 thoughts on “Field Trip Experience at National Museum – Intramuros”

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